Skip to Content

Пять нереалистичных сценариев кончины олигархов в Украине

Пять нереалистичных сценариев кончины олигархов в Украине

Comments
by Январь 28, 2019 Новости

Украинский институт будущего опубликовал доклад “Будущее украинских олигархов”. “УкрРудПром” ознакомился с экземпляром и считает, что покуда в нашей стране публикуются подобные прогнозы, перспективы олигархов в Украине прекрасны и удивительны.

Пару слов о хорошем. Подготовленный УИБ доклад — одно из самых фундаментальных исследований феномена олигархии в нашей стране. И всем, кто хочет понять, как устроена здесь власть и экономика, полезно как минимум пролистать этот 80-страничный документ.

Проблема начинается не в части, констатирующей сегодняшнее плачевное положение дел в проклятом треугольнике “олигархи — общество — государство”, а собственно в самом прогнозе, который и дал название докладу. Для начала авторы перечисляют факторы, которые, по их мнению, должны привести к краху существующей бизнес-модели украинских олигархов:

•    Фискальный кризис и конец “бюджетной страховки” (механизма, когда наши “самые богатые и знаменитые” компенсируют свои потери за счет казны), в первую очередь, из-за пиковых выплат по госдолгу, растущего дефицита Пенсионного фонда плюс увеличения затрат на оборону.

•    Новый финансовый кризис и неблагоприятная ситуация на внешних рынках(главный результат чего — падение цен на сырье, которое вывозят из Украины крупнейшие ФПГ).

•    Отток рабочей силы

•    Риск суверенного дефолта

•    Внешнее давление и война.

В этом пункте, на самом деле, мы наблюдаем “винегрет”. Сюда свалены проблемы Фирташа с американским правосудием, заморозка активов Коломойского решением английского суда, разборки между тем же Фирташем и Ахметовым сразу в нескольких юрисдикциях по поводу оплаты акций контрольного пакета “Укртелекома” и, наконец, собственно война на Востоке страны и аннексия Крыма (упомянуты проблемы Таруты и Ахметова). Одним словом, этот пункт повестки из разряда профкомовского “Разное”.

Если не уходить в детали, то в целом с этим списком угроз для благосостояния отечественных нуворишей можно согласиться. С чем нельзя — так это с выводом, что данный набор факторов приведет к краху существующей модели функционирования украинского олигархата. Поскольку последние 15 лет мы наблюдаем, что в реальности отношения между украинскими олигархами и обществом все больше напоминают анекдот о донецкой семье, когда становится известно об очередном повышении цен на водку: “Ура, папа! Ты станешь меньше пить…” “Нет, сын, ты станешь меньше кушать”.

В условиях контроля над госаппаратом и фактической “приватизации” целого ряда регуляторных органов (НКРЭКУ, Антимонопольный комитет, Нацкомиссия по регулированию связи и так далее) у олигархов есть прекрасная возможность перенести все тяготы и лишения приближающегося мирового экономического кризиса на широкие плечи населения вкупе с малым и средним бизнесом. Для этого существует контекст запущенных еще 4 года назад реформ, ни одна из которых (по странному стечению обстоятельств) не затрагивает интересы олигархов (а в некоторых случаях — даже работает на их карман), но при этом бьет по благосостоянию практически всех остальных членов социума. Начиная от роста всевозможных цен и тарифов, и заканчивая медицинской реформой, которая сведена к одной-единственной идее: тратить на здравоохранение как можно меньше средств из бюджета.

К тому же всякий разумный индивид понимает, что, во-первых, мир не состоит лишь из угроз, а во-вторых, каждая из угроз при определенных условиях становится возможностью. Например, та же трудовая миграция. Да, это отток части квалифицированного персонала с предприятий олигархов. Но одновременно — прекрасный вариант “канализации” протестных настроений, ведь “валят” самые социально и экономически активные люди. К тому же их денежные переводы из-за рубежа являются мощной подпоркой для продолжения существования фактически приватизированного олигархами государства, сбивая накал социального протеста. А значит отток рабочей силы помогает консервировать статус-кво.

Или тот же суверенный дефолт. Сам УИБ признает, что для экономики страны он может иметь положительные последствия. А вот выводы авторов доклада о том, что он де закроет нашим олигархам доступ к внешним рынкам финансирования — рассуждения от лукавого. 90% олигархических структур в этой стране пережили за свою короткую историю, как минимум, один технический дефолт, плюс упорно не возвращают деньги ни украинским, ни зарубежным банкам. И несмотря на это, бодры и веселы. Прекрасный пример здесь Виктор Пинчук, который уже 11 лет морочит голову обладателям евробондов “Интерпайпа”, предлагая при хорошем варианте простить ему 68% долга, а при плохом — все 97%. Параллельно зять экс-президента скупает свои долги у банков с дисконтом 80%. Уже десятилетие этот персонаж, который в нормальном мире давно был бы объявлен банкротом, благодаря своим политическим связям в стране и за рубежом остается на плаву и по факту является одним из “делателей президентов” в Украине.

Однако, хватит о мелких недостатках. Перейдем к нарисованным Украинским институтом будущего сценариям незавидных перспектив сильных мира.

Консервативный сценарий

Данный сценарий предполагает, что ситуация остается такой как есть. Олигархи продолжают вести “бизнес как обычно”. На выборах пытаются завести в парламент свои политические фракции, договариваются с кандидатами на пост Президента. И потом конвертируют свой влияние в бюджетную поддержку собственного бизнеса. Доступ к политике остается закрытым из-за контроля медиа-пространства.

УИБ прогнозирует, что без существенных изменений такой сценарий может продолжаться от 3-х до 5-ти лет. Дополнительными благоприятными факторами для этого должны стать такие факторы: реструктуризация долгов Украины, благоприятная конфигурация на внешних рынках, стабильная поддержка западных партнеров. На сегодняшний день такая ситуация кажется маловероятной.

В условиях уменьшения количества общих ресурсов олигархи начнут жесткий конфликт между собой, в котором по очереди будут уничтожать друг друга.

Ситуация также, вероятно, начнет дестабилизироваться, учитывая катастрофическое отсутствие денег для социальных выплат, рост популистов и радикалов. Власть, которая будет отвечать на это эмиссией дополнительных денег, может вызвать гиперинфляцию и дефолт. По многим признакам все может походить на начало 90-ых.

Реализация консервативного сценария является катастрофическим и для Украины, и для олигархов. За этот период будут потеряны миллионы рабочих рук, недостаток которых мы не сможем компенсировать за счет рабочейl силы из других стран, поскольку уровень зарплат и экономического развития Украины — одни из наихудших в мире. Фактически, Украина станет номинальной государством: по форме будет сохранять независимость, а, по сути, будут выхолощены любые возможности для развития. Независимость будет результатом договоренностей различных внешних игроков.

Такая Украина станет похожа на Боснию и Герцеговину, где фактически введено внешнее управления.

Революционный сценарий

Данный сценарий предполагает радикальное устранение от власти олигархов и лишения их контроля над экономическими секторами. Здесь возможные несколько подсценариев.

Британский

В результате выборов к власти приходят политики, нарушающих договоренности с олигархами; при поддержке западных партнеров, они начинают жесткий процесс деолигархизации и восстановления свободной конкуренции. Напоминает английский сценарий середины восьмидесятых годов, реализованный британским премьером Маргарет Тэтчер, которая боролась с профсоюзами, которые монополизировали влияние на политику и экономику в промышленные сфере. Однако такой сценарий кажется маловероятным, поскольку Тэтчер имела эффективные правоохранительные и парламентские институты, в то время как украинские институты полностью контролируются олигархами.

Восстание среднего класса

Мобилизация среднего класса с последующим созданием собственной политической силы и приведение его к власти путем масштабных акций протеста.

Поражение олигархов расчистит пространство для активных действий новой власти и позволит сформировать новые институты. Благодаря общественной мобилизации новая власть получит достаточно возможностей для реализации жесткой программы деолигархизации и демонополизации.

Однако, и этот сценарий сегодня имеет мало шансов на успех. Дело в том, что сильно централизованная экономика создает неравенство в таких масштабах, что совокупные ресурсы олигархов значительно превосходят возможности украинского среднего класса. Базовая же проблема последнего — недостаточный уровень коллективной самоорганизации.

Для эффективного противостояния организованной системе олигархов средний класс должен создать свою организацию. Однако, с одной стороны, необходимость договориться между собой большому количеству людей, а с другой — слаженно противостоять финансово-промышленным группам олигархов — непосильная задача. Оно может быть реализовано только с появлением сильного лидера или группы, которая сможет провести такую мобилизацию.

Внешнее вмешательство

Данный сценарий выглядит реалистично, хотя вероятность его реализации остается невысокой. Рост геополитической напряженности между Западом и Россией может сделать Украину стратегическим форпостом. Таким образом, проведение здесь радикальных реформ и необходимость эффективного противодействия России может заставить Запад начать активно вмешиваться в ситуацию в стране.

Оно может быть выражено в непосредственном давлении на олигархов с целью их дальнейшего устранения из политики либо принуждении их быть лояльными конкретным политическим группам.

Слабость данного сценария заключается исключительно в отсутствии таких групп, идеологически близких западным ценностям и отсутствии у них народной поддержки.

Умеренный сценарий или “Польский круглый стол”

Третий и наиболее реалистичный сценарий — “польский круглый стол”. В 1989 году в Польше противостояние между оппозицией и властью достигло пика, однако обе стороны понимали, что ни одна из них в итоге не одержит абсолютной победы. Коммунисты оставались достаточно сильными, чтобы оставаться у власти, а профсоюз “Солидарность” получил масштабную поддержку среди поляков, которая позволяла не идти на компромиссы. Результаты круглого стола не отвечали ожиданиям каждой из сторон, хотя, по его итогам, все заявили о своей победе. Власть сохранила свои полномочия, а “Солидарность” добилась честных выборов. Однако важным было другое — коммуникация и появление доверия между сторонами.

Это сыграло ключевую роль в дальнейших событий: коммунисты мирным путем передали власть “Солидарности”, а профсоюз гарантировал им безопасность. Это “неформальное” соглашение сохранялась до самой смерти бывшего коммунистического лидера Войцеха Ярузельского (25 мая 2014 года). Несмотря на неоднократные попытки привлечь его к ответственности, это никому не удалось.

Эта модель лучше подходит к условиям, которые сложились в Украине. А ряд факторов свидетельствуют о том, что есть перспективы ее успешно реализовать.

Во-первых, опыт президентства и Януковича, и Порошенко доказывает, что каждый глава государства с 90-х, пытается стать крупнейшим олигархи за счет других. Проблемы, которые регулярно возникают с переделом собственности и приватизацией, постепенно дают понять олигархам, что честные правила игры лучше кулуарных договоренностей.

Во-вторых, влияние и вес олигархов сегодня остаются слишком велики, чтобы над ними можно было получить легкую и однозначную победу. Открыть доступ к политике без их согласия и компромисса — практически невозможно. С другой стороны, описанные выше тренды показывают, что без радикальных изменений в украинской политике и экономике они не имеют никакого будущего. Поэтому открыть доступ в политику — отвечает интереса их выживания.

На самом деле мы уже можем увидеть положительные сигналы в этом направлении. Так, телеканал ICTV, который принадлежит Виктор Пинчук, запустил шоу “Новые лидеры”, задачей которого было популяризировать общественных деятелей и активистов. Команда Рината Ахметова активно развивает Мариуполь под руководством молодого прогрессивного мэра. По информации СМИ, его даже рассматривали как возможную кандидатуру на пост президента. Игорь Коломойский сразу развивает несколько независимых проектов — Александра Шевченко и Владимира Зеленского — параллельно поддерживая Юлию Тимошенко.

Ключевой вопрос, который интересует олигархов — безопасность. Этого им не могут гарантировать старые политики из-за конфликта интересов в бизнес-плоскости. Гарантии безопасности они также не могут получить друг от друга, из-за отсутствия доверия между собой и пребывания в состоянии перманентного междоусобного противостояния. Они не имеют никакой уверенности в будущем, поскольку тренды показывают, что этого будущего у них просто нет. Поэтому вариант сесть за круглый стол с понятным политическим субъектом, который сможет обеспечить гарантии безопасности их активам в обмен на открытие доступа к политике и реализацию радикальных реформ, является одним из самых оптимальных. Украинские олигархи постепенно перешли к категории “оседлых” и начинают понимать, что лучше равные правила игры, чем изнурительная война всех против всех.

Свою готовность к такому круглому столу они уже демонстрировали. Так, в 2015 году Сергей Тарута инициировал собрание украинских олигархов в киевской гостинице Хаятт. По информации СМИ, целью встречи было обсуждение экономического кризиса и путей выхода из него. Сам Сергей Тарута неоднократно заявлял, что опыт его банкротства из-за войны должен стать ценным уроком для других олигархов, которые должны заботиться об интересах страны, а не только своих собственных.

Таким образом, существует достаточно сигналов о готовности олигархов сесть за стол переговоров.

Без ответа со стороны украинского общества до сих пор остается основной вопрос: кто сядет по ту сторону круглого стола?

В чем главная проблема перечисленных сценариев. Фактически в одном, но зато самом главном. Авторы доклада пытаются выдать желаемое за действительное: Украину за страну, для описания которой целесообразно использовать нарративы из жизни европейских демократий. Отсюда все эти Тэтчер, “Солидарности”, политические “круглые столы” и тому подобные диковинки. Зачем далеко ходить — в современной Украине даже нет упоминаемых в 2 из 5 сценариев профсоюзов. Ну, то есть номинально они как бы существуют, но не как организации, с которыми принято считаться на национальном уровне.

Очевидно, что для описания нашей действительности, куда лучше подходят политические и социально-экономические реалии стран Латинской Америки. Другой вопрос, что конечно же потенциальный потребитель “Будущего украинских олигархов” не в курсе, что происходило последние лет сто в какой-нибудь Аргентине или Колумбии. Да что далеко ходить. Как показала последняя неделя, украинский средний класс не понимает, что творится в той же Венесуэле, хотя она не сходит с радаров ведущих мировых СМИ последнюю пятилетку.

Как бы в насмешку над читателем самая эксцентричная часть доклада посвящена так называемому “умеренному сценарию”. Чего стоит пассаж о положительных сигналах, которые якобы посылают украинские олигархи о своем желании сделать украинскую политику более открытой. Особенно весело читать, как о примере такого “тренда”, о “молодом прогрессивном мэре” Мариуполя, который на самом деле является просто марионеткой “Метинвеста” Ахметова.

Окончательно чувство меры изменяет Украинскому институту будущего в самом финале доклада, когда возникает фантазия о якобы желании олигархов садиться за стол переговоров. Как раз попытка Таруты собрать коллег в 2015 году продемонстрировали бесперспективность подобной затеи. Тогда сходку в отеле Сергея Алексеевича посетили Пинчук, Косюк (в большей степени как советник действующего президента) и Хмельницкий (персонаж, мягко говоря, не из высшей олигархической лиги). Жеваго и Ахметов прислали своих представителей. На этом все благополучно заглохло и с того момента уже прошло более трех лет.

Как показывает новейшая история Украины, попытки собрать олигархов не обязательно обречены на провал. Но для этого нужен правильный антураж и хороший повод. Например, 23 марта 2004 года на матче “Депортиво” — “Милан” Ахметов, Коломойский, Пинчук и Григорий Суркис не только обменялись футбольными впечатлениями, но и договорились о разделе активов “Укррудпрома”.

Поэтому, отвечая на патетический вопрос УИБ (“кто сядет по ту сторону круглого стола?”), предлагаем следующий формат мероприятия. Свежеизбранный президент Украины в VIP-ложе “Олимпийского” в ходе матча “Шахтер” — “Динамо”, как бы между прочим, предложит присутствующим “распилить” активы, например, “Укрзализныци”. Уверены, что подобные “круглые столы” запомнятся всем участникам и станут регулярными.

ukrrudprom.ua

Previous
Next

One commentcomments155

  1. I simply want to tell you that I am newbie to blogs and really savored you’re web-site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You surely come with wonderful writings. Thanks a lot for sharing your web page.

  2. Just before you decide to create your own checklist to add an idea associated with what camping checklist ought to.

  3. Your blog is amazing dude” i love to visit it everyday. very nice layout and content ,    

  4. How do you create your own blogger header for your blogspot?.

  5. My wordpress blog with Arras theme shows different on different PC. Perfect on one PC, but wiered on the other?

  6. Howdy sir. you have a really nice blog layout “    

  7. Do you have a blog? I have a poetry blog. =) If so, what’s your link so I can check it out and follow you. =). I already have one started. =).

  8. How can I do a live streaming webcast on Blogger?

  9. I think this is among the most important information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is perfect, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  10. I want to use the WayBackMachine to try to retrieve my old Yahoo! 360 Blog posts, but I don’t know what the URL format was. So far I am coming up empty. Anybody have an example URL that I can use to reconstruct a valid URL for my old blog? Thanks!.

  11. Hello my friend! I wish to say that this article is awesome, nice written and come with almost all important infos. I¡¦d like to peer extra posts like this .

  12. Hello there, You’ve done an incredible job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this site.

  13. I have recently started a web site, the information you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.

  14. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  15. You could definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  16. Great write-up, I am regular visitor of one¡¦s web site, maintain up the nice operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  17. fantastic publish, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts of this sector do not realize this. You must proceed your writing. I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  18. Absolutely composed content material , Really enjoyed examining .

  19. I have been examinating out some of your stories and it’s nice stuff. I will definitely bookmark your blog.

  20. Good website! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified when a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  21. It is really a great and helpful piece of info. I¡¦m satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  22. I am no longer sure the place you’re getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying much more or figuring out more. Thank you for fantastic information I was on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  23. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  24. Well I definitely enjoyed studying it. This subject provided by you is very practical for good planning.

  25. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  26. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your web site in web explorer, may check this¡K IE still is the market leader and a good part of other folks will omit your magnificent writing because of this problem.

  27. My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  28. I need to earn a little extra money and I am a very opinionated person so I feel like writing blogs would be a good start to making some extra cash. I am a full time college student and I also have a $20 hour a week job but I am still having problems making ends meet. Thanks for any help!.

  29. Hello.This article was extremely fascinating, particularly because I was investigating for thoughts on this topic last Tuesday.

  30. I needed to compose you a bit of remark in order to say thank you the moment again for the incredible strategies you’ve shared above. It’s quite extremely open-handed of people like you to supply freely all that many people would’ve distributed for an electronic book in making some profit for themselves, certainly since you might have done it in the event you considered necessary. These tactics also served like a good way to fully grasp other people have the same keenness much like my very own to see a good deal more in terms of this condition. I am certain there are a lot more fun opportunities up front for people who start reading your blog post.

  31. I just couldn’t leave your site before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard information an individual supply to your visitors? Is gonna be again continuously to check up on new posts

  32. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site 🙂

  33. Hello.This post was extremely remarkable, especially because I was searching for thoughts on this subject last week.

  34. Hi there, I found your site via Google while searching for a similar matter, your site got here up, it looks great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  35. As soon as I discovered this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

  36. Quite a beautiful website. I built mine and i was looking for some design ideas and your website gave me some. Did you develop the website alone?

  37. You could definitely see your expertise within the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart. «In order to preserve your self-respect, it is sometimes necessary to lie and cheat.» by Robert Byrne.

  38. I and also my pals have already been following the excellent recommendations located on the blog while at once I had a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the website owner for those strategies. All the guys became consequently passionate to read all of them and have now quite simply been taking pleasure in them. Appreciate your turning out to be quite considerate and for going for certain important subject areas millions of individuals are really wanting to discover. My sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  39. Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task.

  40. fantastic submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t notice this. You should continue your writing. I’m confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  41. I really appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thanks again

  42. Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he just bought me lunch since I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  43. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  44. Needed to create you one little note just to thank you over again for those fantastic knowledge you have contributed above. This is really shockingly generous of people like you to grant unhampered just what a few individuals would have marketed as an electronic book in order to make some money for themselves, principally considering that you might well have tried it in case you considered necessary. Those good tips likewise worked like the easy way to fully grasp some people have a similar keenness much like my own to learn a little more with reference to this problem. I’m certain there are some more pleasant times up front for individuals who look over your site.

  45. I’ve been surfing online more than three hours lately, but I by no means found any interesting article like yours. It¡¦s pretty value sufficient for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the internet will likely be much more useful than ever before.

  46. I went over this site and I believe you have a lot of great information, saved to fav (:.

  47. I am continually looking online for posts that can facilitate me. Thx!

  48. You completed certain nice points there. I did a search on the subject and found mainly persons will agree with your blog.

  49. I’ve been surfing online greater than three hours these days, yet I by no means found any interesting article like yours. It’s beautiful price enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the web will likely be much more useful than ever before. «Perfection of moral virtue does not wholly take away the passions, but regulates them.» by Saint Thomas Aquinas.

  50. As I web site possessor I believe the content material here is rattling magnificent , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

  51. What i don’t realize is in fact how you’re not actually a lot more well-favored than you may be now. You’re very intelligent. You recognize thus significantly in terms of this subject, produced me for my part believe it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t interested unless it’s something to do with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding. Always take care of it up!

  52. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  53. Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  54. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  55. Perfectly written articles , regards for selective information .

  56. I’m still learning from you, while I’m improving myself. I certainly enjoy reading everything that is written on your website.Keep the posts coming. I liked it!

  57. Awsome site! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also

  58. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  59. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  60. I want to voice my love for your generosity in support of those people that need help with in this matter. Your personal commitment to passing the message across ended up being remarkably useful and have surely permitted regular people just like me to achieve their targets. Your amazing warm and friendly facts denotes a whole lot a person like me and far more to my fellow workers. Thank you; from each one of us.

  61. I have not checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  62. My brother suggested I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You cann’t imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  63. Its good as your other posts : D, thanks for putting up. «A lost battle is a battle one thinks one has lost.» by Ferdinand Foch.

  64. F*ckin’ amazing issues here. I’m very satisfied to see your post. Thanks a lot and i’m taking a look forward to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  65. Just wanna say that this is extremely helpful, Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  66. I like what you guys are up too. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  67. My husband and i felt absolutely thrilled that Chris could conclude his reports out of the precious recommendations he was given through your web page. It is now and again perplexing to simply be handing out ideas which often some people have been trying to sell. And now we acknowledge we have got the writer to thank because of that. The specific illustrations you have made, the easy web site menu, the friendships you help to instill — it is most unbelievable, and it is helping our son in addition to the family reckon that the situation is amusing, which is seriously important. Thanks for the whole lot!

  68. I needed to put you this little note to help say thanks once again with the breathtaking guidelines you have featured in this case. This has been simply strangely generous with you in giving publicly what most people would’ve sold as an electronic book to get some cash for their own end, most importantly considering the fact that you might have tried it if you wanted. The concepts as well worked as the fantastic way to fully grasp that other individuals have a similar fervor just as my personal own to learn very much more when considering this matter. Certainly there are millions of more pleasant times in the future for folks who read your blog.

  69. I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  70. Terrific work! This is the type of info that are meant to be shared around the internet. Shame on Google for now not positioning this publish higher! Come on over and seek advice from my website . Thank you =)

  71. Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was looking for! «Fear not that thy life shall come to an end, but rather fear that it shall never have a beginning.» by John Henry Cardinal Newman.

  72. You made a number of good points there. I did a search on the theme and found mainly people will agree with your blog.

  73. I think this is one of the most important info for me. And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  74. I see something genuinely interesting about your website so I bookmarked .

  75. Good web site! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  76. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all people you really recognize what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also talk over with my site =). We may have a hyperlink trade arrangement among us!

  77. My wife and i were really delighted Raymond managed to deal with his investigations through the ideas he received through your web site. It is now and again perplexing just to always be giving out tricks that many people today might have been making money from. And we do understand we have the writer to be grateful to because of that. The entire illustrations you have made, the straightforward site navigation, the relationships you can give support to create — it’s mostly wonderful, and it’s really assisting our son and the family know that the article is cool, and that is particularly serious. Thanks for everything!

  78. What i don’t understood is in truth how you’re now not really much more smartly-preferred than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably in relation to this subject, made me for my part believe it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women don’t seem to be fascinated until it’s something to do with Girl gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. At all times take care of it up!

  79. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is really annoying. A good site with exciting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this website, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  80. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is magnificent, as well as the content!

  81. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  82. I’ve been browsing online greater than three hours as of late, but I never discovered any interesting article like yours. It is pretty value sufficient for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the internet can be a lot more useful than ever before.

  83. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually realize what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally consult with my site =). We will have a link exchange arrangement between us!

  84. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  85. I gotta favorite this internet site it seems handy invaluable

  86. Howdy very nice web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally…I am glad to search out so many helpful info right here in the put up, we need develop more techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing.

  87. Very interesting points you have noted , thankyou for putting up. «Pleasure and love are the pinions of great deeds.» by Charles Fox.

  88. I like this post, enjoyed this one thankyou for posting .

  89. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  90. I truly enjoy reading on this site, it has excellent posts. «The living is a species of the dead and not a very attractive one.» by Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

  91. Hello there, You have done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this website.

  92. Leslie Dixon wrote the screenplay and deserves a lot of credit because it is mainly a dialogue driven film, however it is probably fair to assume that all of the credit goes to Alan Glynn who wrote the novel which this based on.

  93. I was reading through some of your articles on this internet site and I believe this internet site is really instructive! Retain posting.

  94. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite certain I will learn lots of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  95. As soon as I noticed this web site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

  96. I like this post, enjoyed this one thanks for putting up. «The difference between stupidity and genius is that genius has its limits.» by Albert Einstein.

  97. I must point out my passion for your kindness in support of all those that have the need for help on that topic. Your very own commitment to getting the message all-around became remarkably practical and have always encouraged many people like me to attain their objectives. Your amazing useful tutorial can mean much a person like me and extremely more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from everyone of us.

  98. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  99. Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Wonderful. I’m also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  100. This will be the proper weblog for anybody who hopes to find out about this topic. You recognize a great deal its nearly challenging to argue with you (not too I just would want…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin using a topic thats been revealed for a long time. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  101. chjlydqs,Thanks a lot for providing us with this recipe of Cranberry Brisket. I’ve been wanting to make this for a long time but I couldn’t find the right recipe. Thanks to your help here, I can now make this dish easily.

  102. Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in web explorer, might test this… IE nonetheless is the market chief and a large section of people will pass over your excellent writing because of this problem.

  103. Great work! This is the type of information that are supposed to be shared across the net. Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this put up upper! Come on over and seek advice from my web site . Thank you =)

  104. I¡¦ve read a few excellent stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much attempt you put to create the sort of wonderful informative web site.

  105. hsmxitys,Some really nice stuff on this website, I enjoy it.

  106. Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is really annoying. A good site with exciting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  107. I simply want to mention I am newbie to blogging and definitely loved you’re blog. Very likely I’m planning to bookmark your website . You really have remarkable stories. Many thanks for sharing with us your blog site.

  108. You are a very clever person!

  109. Thank you for every other informative blog. The place else may I get that kind of information written in such an ideal way? I have a undertaking that I am simply now working on, and I have been at the look out for such information.

  110. Lovely site! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more. I am bookmarking your feeds also

  111. i like it jobs because it is a high paying job and you work in an air conditioned office**

  112. Game Killer Apk Download Latest Version for Android (No Ad) … Guess not because Game killer full version app is not available on Play store.

  113. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and already each time a comment is added I get four emails with similar comment. Is there by any means you may get rid of me from that service? Thanks!

  114. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  115. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  116. rxtkhlvshbx,Your blog was informative and valuable to me. Thanks for sharing.

  117. Is Joomla software harder than Dreamweaver to learn. I have been told that Joomla is easier than Dreamweaver. Do Joomla make its own codes like Dreamweaver. I want to learn it and I want to buy the software. Please give me your opinion. Do I need to buy the Joomla program or not? . . Thx, God bless, take care! .

  118. I simply could not go away your web site prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the standard info a person supply to your guests? Is going to be back ceaselessly in order to check up on new posts

  119. I needed to compose you one bit of note so as to say thank you again considering the gorgeous solutions you have shared above. It is certainly surprisingly generous of people like you in giving unhampered precisely what numerous people could have marketed as an electronic book to generate some money on their own, certainly seeing that you might well have done it if you ever desired. The smart ideas also served to provide a good way to be certain that other people have the identical eagerness just as mine to see somewhat more in regard to this matter. I am certain there are many more pleasurable instances up front for individuals that see your site.

  120. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this just before. So nice to seek out somebody by original applying for grants this subject. realy i appreciate you for starting this up. this site can be something that is needed over the internet, a person with a bit of originality. beneficial task for bringing new things towards world wide web!

  121. LCD TVs can really save you from high electricity bills and office space*

  122. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. IЎ¦ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  123. Hello there, You have done a great job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this site.

  124. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  125. I am starting a business selling various baby things that I make. And I want to start a website to be able to sell them on. Can anyone tell me the steps that I would need to go through to do this? And what is the cost?. Thanks..

  126. I’m aiming to learn as much regarding the on-line searching neighborhood as I can. Can any individual advise their favored blogs, twitter handles, or sites that you locate most thorough? Which ones are most prominent? Thanks!.

  127. My husband and i felt very excited Emmanuel managed to carry out his investigations while using the precious recommendations he came across from your very own web page. It is now and again perplexing to just be giving freely methods which a number of people may have been making money from. And we all acknowledge we have got the writer to give thanks to because of that. The most important explanations you made, the straightforward web site menu, the friendships you can aid to create — it’s all spectacular, and it’s really letting our son in addition to the family feel that this theme is pleasurable, which is certainly extremely pressing. Thanks for everything!

  128. nuchriastei,Thanks for this useful information, Really amazing. Thanks again. I LOve your BloG

  129. I¡¦ve read several excellent stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how a lot effort you set to make one of these fantastic informative site.

  130. Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Wonderful. I’m also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

  131. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed! Very helpful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  132. You are a very smart person!

  133. TorFX is a leading provider of foreign exchange services, offering ultra competitive exchange rates.
    Our customers benefit from an unrivalled personal service and substantial savings on currency transactions.

    Our office hours are:
    Monday — Thursday, 8.30am — 7pm
    Friday, 8.30am — 5.30am
    Saturday, 10am — 2pm

    Please complete the form below and a member of our team will respond shortly with your quote. Get a Quote

  134. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  135. I have been browsing on-line more than three hours these days, yet I by no means found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is lovely worth sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the web will likely be a lot more useful than ever before.

  136. Exactly how do I know if my blogs are being seen by others?

  137. Hi, i have a complimentary wordpress blog. I have added the widgets that can be found in the widget area. However just how do i add widgets that are from third parties such as clustrmaps? If complimentary wordpress blogs do not permit that, which complimentary blog site solution permits that?.

  138. It really is nice to definitely dig up an internet site the location where the blogger is clever. Thanks for creating your site.

  139. I am brand-new to blog site registrations and also I am searching for an easy reader that behaves and arranged that lets me view my blog sites from my homepage or has a little scrollbox that is constantly up on the side of the computer system display. I started to make use of bloglines however it is really messy with all the blog names lined up on the side. Thanks a great deal!.

  140. You lost me, friend. I mean, I imagine I recieve what youre saying. I recognize what you’re saying, but the truth is just appear to have forgotten that might be some other folks in the world who view this concern for which it happens to be and may perhaps not believe you. You might be turning away alot of folks that might have been lovers of one’s website.

  141. There’s noticeably a bundle to discover more on this. I assume you’ve made sure excellent elements within choices additionally.

  142. Good site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  143. A person essentially help to make critically articles I might state. This is the first time I frequented your website page and thus far? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this particular post incredible. Excellent process!

  144. What is a blog subject that you would find intriguing to read about?

  145. First of all congratulations on the post. This is a very good one but customarily it seems that a lot of individuals talking about it have not review past the very first paragraph. I appreciate you making the effort to update us on this and will return regularly to check for any more information.

  146. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  147. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  148. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually recognise what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally discuss with my web site =). We can have a link exchange contract between us!

  149. The project is no doubt a high-quality website. Do you write fresh teeth care content every day?

  150. I Will Provide Aso To Increase Downloads For Ios And Android Apps http://bit.ly/2Wb7O7k

  151. If somebody like Julia Roberts or Natalie Portman had a personal blog site where they published images of their trips or something, would certainly you still take them seriously as stars? Do you assume stars with individual blogs are less trustworthy as well as taken less seriously than those who do not? Additionally, would you see their blogs to see what they depend on?.

  152. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  153. Every code I try either leaves a huge void on top of the web page, or at the end of the web page. Its certainly that code causing it. I’ve attempted so many codes attempting to conceal the blogs & extended network, however they all leave a white void either at the top or near the bottom. Anyone obtained one that does not trigger the white void? Or just how to eliminate the white void?.

  154. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  155. ? MASS PARASITE BACKLINKS ONLY $10 PER 1000 ? + LINK IN POST $25 PER 1000 ??VERY LOW COST ? http://bit.ly/2W9CVkn

Leave a Reply